On September 13, 1953, Nikita Khrushchev was
appointed General Secretary of the USSR Communist Party, taking over
leadership of the country after the death of Joseph Stalin. Soon
after taking office, Khrushchev exposed many of the crimes of his
predecessor. He was later forced from power in 1964, largely in
response to his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Read an obituary of Nikita Khrushchev from the New York Times.
On September 13, 1971, National Guardsmen stormed
the Attica Correctional Facility in New York state after a four-day
standoff with rioting prisoners. This photo, released by New York
state authorities, shows Corrections Commissioner Russell Oswald in
the Attica prison yard after it was retaken.
Thirty-two prisoners and nine guards died in the final assault. Learn more about the Attica revolt and the conditions the prisoners were trying to have improved in this retrospective.