On August 10, 1949, the National
Security Act Amendment was signed into law. It replaced
the Department of War with the Department of Defense (DoD) and
pulled all military service branches directly under the supervision
of the DoD.
Learn more about the National Security Act from the U.S. State Department.
On August 10, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed
a bill that provided payments of $20,000 to Japanese-Americans who
were sent to internment camps by the US government during World War
Learn more about the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which also included a formal apology by Congress for what it called a "grave injustice."