On June 24, 1947, US President Harry Truman appointed two state court justices to serve on a military tribunal for the punishment of war crimes in Germany. President Truman selected Edward Carter, an associate justice of the Supreme Court of Nebraska, and Curtis Shake, a former judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana, to prosecute war criminals in the aftermath of World War II. Carter was a judge for the Hostage Case, where eight defendants were found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity in parts of eastern Europe. Shake was a judge for the IG Farben Case, where 13 members of the titular industrial group were found guilty of similar charges.
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