On March 15, 2010, the trial of 14 members of a French neo-Nazi group, Nomad 88, began before the criminal court of Evry in the Parisian suburbs. The group was founded out of a desire to "purge" the suburbs, which its members carried out in 2008 through a shooting spree in Essonne an area heavily populated by immigrants. Following the arrest of three perpetrators of that mass shooting, police found an arsenal of stashed weapons, ammunition and extremist literature. Nomad 88 and other extremist groups formed as a result of civil unrest in 2005, when France declared a state of emergency during violent riots and clashes between police and suburban youth.
Learn more about France from the JURIST news archive.