On March 26, 1804, the US Congress passed an act containing a provision that offered Native Americans the option of relocating to lands west of the Mississippi River. Section 15 of "An Act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof" allowed US President Thomas Jefferson to grant land in the Louisiana territory to Native American tribes that voluntarily abandoned their land east of the Mississippi River. Tribes that complied were also required to submit themselves to the protection of the US. The federal government later forcibly relocated Native Americans under the Indian Removal Act, which was signed into law by US President Andrew Jackson in May 1830.
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