On October 14, 2004, UN investigators discovered a mass grave site in Hatra, which is thought to contain bodies of several thousand Kurds in nine separate trenches. In peparation for the war crimes trial against former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein, investigators began exhuming the grave sites in order to uncover any evidence of the atrocities committed under Hussein's rule. On July 17, 2005, the Iraqi High Criminal Court filed its first criminal charges against Hussein in relation to the 1982 killing of 150 Shias, and in August 2006, the Iraqi government opened a second case against him over charges that he was involved in the killing of 100,000 Kurds in northern Iraq in the 1980s. Hussein was executed for his crimes on December 29, 2006.
Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Learn more about Saddam Hussein from the JURIST news archive, and read an overview of the Iraq War in Features.