On October 22, 2011, Antonio Cassese, Italian international war crimes expert and key figure in establishing two international criminal tribunals, died in Italy. Cassese had served as both the first President of the UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) and the first president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). His last diplomatic efforts with the STL came in August 2011 when he called for four men accused of killing former Lebanon prime minister Rafik Hariri to turn themselves in.
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