On September 9, 2004, former Secretary of State Colin Powell reported to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that genocide had been committed in Darfur. Powell also stated that the US would be calling on the UN to initiate a full investigation into all allegations, including killings, rapes and burning of villages. In accordance with the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Powell also stated that the Government of Sudan should be held responsible. In March 2005, the UN Security Council approved Resolution 1593, granting the International Criminal Court (ICC) jurisdiction over the conflict in Darfur and charging Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir with three counts of genocide stemming from the conflict, though the Sudanese government has failed to arrest him.
Learn more about the Sudan conflict from the JURIST news archive, and read an overview of the International Criminal Court in Features.