On June 23, 2005, Mexico's House voted 412-0 for a constitutional amendment that expunged death penalty language from the country's constitution. The amendment called for the language to be altered to prohibit legal executions, mutilations, and forms of cruel and unusual punishment. While Mexico had not carried out an execution in 43 years and had regularly refused to hand over suspects to the US who faced a potential death sentence, the practice was still legal in military courts. The amendment, which was passed by the Mexican Senate in March 2005, was ratified by the states in December 2005.
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