On February 16, 2009, the French Council of State ruled that the French government was responsible for the World War II deportation of Jews. The ruling served as a formal recognition of the complicity of the French government in the Holocaust. The French courts had previously fined both the national government and private business for contributing to crimes against humanity during WWII. France has also criminalized Holocaust denial, and charged right-wing political leader Jean-Marie Le Pen with the offense in July 2006.
Learn more about France and the laws governing crimes against humanity from the JURIST news archive.