On November 21, 2006, Nepalese Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist rebel leader Prachanda signed a peace agreement that formally ended a decade-long insurgency that left over 13,000 people dead. Following this declaration of peace, the two leaders also reached an agreement over the terms of an interim constitution in December 2006. Although the interim constitution was silent on the issue of whether King Gyanendra would retain his head of state duties, the Nepalese Constituent Assembly abolished the unpopular monarchy and established a republic in May 2008. In May 2010, the Nepalese government extended the terms of parliament by one year in order to develop a permanent constitution.
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Learn more about Nepal from the JURIST news archive and read commentary on Nepal's transition to democracy from JURIST Guest Columnist Kim Soo A in Hotline.