On August 29, 2005, several civil rights organizations asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to investigate allegations that several Chicago detectives used torture to obtain confessions from approximately 135 African American suspects between 1971 and 1992. Petitioning organizations included the University of Chicago Law School's MacArthur Justice Center and the American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois. The City of Chicago ultimately paid $19.8 million to settle torture allegations filed by four former death row inmates, who were pardoned by Governor George Ryan in 2003 after the allegations were brought to light in 2002.
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