On July 3, 2006, eleven African jurists were sworn-in as the inaugural members of Africa's first continent-wide human rights court, the African Court on Human and People's Rights (ACHPR). Sponsored by the African Union (AU), the justices vowed to "preserve, protect, and defend" the African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights which provides the court with its applicable body of law and the requisite authority to prosecute human rights infractions on the continent. ACHPR existed as an independent judicial body for almost two years, until it merged with the African Court of Justice on July 1, 2008. The court is still in operation.
Learn more about ACHPR and the African Union from the JURIST news archive.