On July 31, 2008, California's Fourth District Court of Appeals in San Diego ruled that the state's Medical Marijuana Program was constitutional and did not violate the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA). California has been at the forefront of the medical marijuana movementthe California Supreme Court struck down restrictions on medical marijuana use in 2010. Conversely, voters in the state rejected Proposition 19 in 2010, which would have legalized possession of up to one ounce of marijuana for recreational use. The legalization of medical marijuana by state legislatures has created numerous conflicts with federal agencies during recent years, especially in the wake of the Supreme Court's decision upholding federal prohibition in Gonzales v. Raich.
Learn more about the controversy over medical marijuana from the JURIST news archive.