On November 23, 2008, the trial of 16 former Saddam Hussein-era officials began in Iraq. The defendants included Ali Hassan al-Majid - better known in the Western media as "Chemical Ali" - and former Iraqi foreign minister Tariq Aziz. The accused were charged in connection with the killings of protesters who rioted in Baghdad and Amarah following the alleged assassination of Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr - father of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Al-Majid was later sentenced to death, and Aziz was acquitted.
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