On August 28, 2003, the Supreme Court of Alabama removed a monument of the Biblical Ten Commandments from its courthouse rotunda. The monument had been installed on the orders of Chief Justice Roy Moore, triggering a lawsuit. In Glassroth v. Moore, the US District Court for the Middle District of Alabama ordered Moore to remove the monument because it was a violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. This decision was upheld on appeal in the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. When Moore refused, he was removed from his post by the Supreme Court of Alabama.
Learn more about the First Amendment from Cornell University's Legal Information Institute.