On December 21, 1879, Joseph
Stalin was born in Gori, Georgia. In 1922, he would become
leader of the USSR until his death in 1953. During his time as
Soviet dictator, Stalin industrialized his country, which he then
led to become one of the world's two superpowers after WWII. Through
his infamous purges, show trials and nationwide famines, Stalin also
became responsible for more deaths than any man in history.
Read documents regarding the USSR under Joseph Stalin from the U.S. Library of Congress.
On December 21, 1956, buses in Montgomery, Alabama,
started racially-integrated service following federal court rulings
ending on-board segregation.
Bus boycott leaders Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King and Rev. Ralph Abernathy were among the first riders under the new scheme. Learn about the Montgomery Bus Boycott.