On October 2, 1967, civil rights attorney Thurgood
Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American Supreme Court
Learn more about Marshall and his career from the Library of Congress.
On October 2, 1997, European Union delegates signed
Treaty, which broadened the scope of the international
organization. It amended previous EU treaties to expand the power of
the EU Parliament, start the Common Foreign and Security Policy
(CFSP), and prepare for the influx of post-Communist countries in
Learn more about the Amsterdam Treaty.