Legal news from Tuesday, March 30, 2010
16:03 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] heard oral arguments [day call, PDF; merit briefs] Tuesday in two cases. In Dillon v. United States [oral arguments transcript, PDF; JURIST report], the court heard arguments on whether the federal sentencing guidelines [materials] are binding when a federal judge [read more]

15:03 EDT

[JURIST] The French Council of State [official website, in French] on Tuesday advised the French government [report, PDF; in French] that a complete ban on full Islamic veils risks violating the French Constitution [text] and the European Convention on Human Rights [text]. The government requested that the council, the country's [read more]

14:03 EDT

[JURIST] The Supreme Court of Pakistan [official website] on Tuesday threatened to imprison the head of the country's corruption agency for failing to meet a 24-hour deadline to reopen several corruption cases. Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry [official profile; JURIST news archive] gave National Accountability Bureau (NAB) [official website] Chairman [read more]

13:03 EDT

[JURIST] The Paris Appellate Court [official website, in French] on Tuesday upheld a lower court's 2008 decision finding French oil company Total [corporate website] and several other defendants criminally liable for an oil spill that occurred of the coast of Brittany in 1999. The court also increased the fine [LeMonde [read more]

12:03 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Tuesday ruled [opinion, PDF] 7-2 in Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist. v. United States ex rel. Wilson [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that whistle-blowers cannot bring suit under the False Claims Act [text] to recover misspent government [read more]

12:03 EDT

[JURIST] Russian President Dmitry Medvedev [official website, in Russian; JURIST news archive] on Tuesday proposed [statement, in Russian] amending the country's terrorism legislation in the wake of Monday's twin suicide bombing attacks [Moscow Times report] on Moscow subway stations. In televised remarks, Medvedev said: We need to focus on improving [read more]

11:03 EDT

[JURIST] The High Court of Australia [official website] on Tuesday ordered that alleged Serbian war criminal Dragan Vasiljkovic [Trial Watch backgrounder; JURIST news archive] be extradited to Croatia to face prosecution. Vasiljkovic, an Australian citizen also known as Daniel Snedden, is accused of war crimes occurring during the 1991-1995 Croatian [read more]

11:03 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Tuesday ruled [opinion, PDF] unanimously in Berghuis v. Smith [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that a defendant's Sixth Amendment [text] right to a jury drawn from a fair cross-section of the community was not violated when the African-American representation [read more]

10:03 EDT

[JURIST] An Illinois Cook County Circuit Court [official website] judge ruled [opinion, PDF] Monday that the Parental Notice of Abortion Act of 1995 [text] is constitutional. While lifting the temporary restraining order on the law's enforcement, Judge Daniel Riley approved a 60-day grace period, preventing state officials from enforcing the [read more]

10:03 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Tuesday ruled [opinion, PDF] unanimously in Jones v. Harris Associates [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that a shareholder does not have to show that a fund's investment adviser misled the fund's directors in order to have a cognizable claim [read more]

09:03 EDT

[JURIST] The number of countries using the death penalty [JURIST news archive] continued to drop during 2009, according to an annual report [text, PDF] published Monday by Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website]. According to the report, more than 700 people were executed last year in 18 countries, with the most [read more]

08:03 EDT

[JURIST] A judge for the US District Court for the Southern District of New York [official website] ruled [opinion, PDF] Monday that patents held on two genes linked to hereditary ovarian and breast cancer are invalid. The ruling was in response to a suit filed [JURIST report] by the American [read more]

08:03 EDT

[JURIST] The Hague Appeals Court [official website, in Dutch] on Tuesday upheld [judgment, in Dutch; press release] the UN's immunity from prosecution by rejecting claims brought by relatives of victims of the Srebrenica massacre [BBC timeline; JURIST news archive] during the 1992-1995 Bosnian conflict. The relatives, known as the Mothers [read more]

07:03 EDT

[JURIST] German Chancellor Angela Merkel [official profile] on Monday maintained that Turkey should become a European Union (EU) "preferred partner" rather than continue as a candidate [EU materials] country for EU accession. Turkey has only opened 12 of the 35 chapters toward accession to the EU [criteria materials], and continues [read more]

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