Legal news from Thursday, June 25, 2009
14:06 EDT

[JURIST] The Spanish Congress of Deputies [official website, in Spanish] voted 341-2 [press release, in Spanish] Thursday to limit use of the country's universal jurisdiction [AI backgrounder; JURIST news archive] statute to those offenses committed by or against Spaniards, or where the perpetrators are in Spain. The nearly unanimous vote [read more]

13:06 EDT

[JURIST] Iranian authorities arrested 70 members of the Islamic Association of University Teachers after they met with opposition candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi [IranTracker profile] on Wednesday, according to a statement [text, in Persian] on Mousavi's website [personal website, in Persian]. The professors met to discuss the recent unrest [statement, in [read more]

13:06 EDT

[JURIST] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay [official profile] said [press release] Thursday that the US detention facilities at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib [JURIST news archives] are "high-profile symbols" of a trend toward finding ways to circumvent the UN Convention Against Torture (CAT) [text]. In order to [read more]

13:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Senate [official website] began the impeachment trial process [press release] for Judge Samuel Kent [official profile] Wednesday for alleged "high crimes and misdemeanors" after accepting the articles of impeachment [text, PDF] from the US House of Representatives [official website]. Senate leaders established a bipartisan committee to prepare [read more]

11:06 EDT

[JURIST] US Attorney General Eric Holder [official profile] urged sentencing reform [transcript text] for crack cocaine Wednesday, calling for a review of disparities between sentencing guidelines for powder and crack. Addressing a symposium on federal sentencing policy hosted by the Congressional Black Caucus and Harvard Law School's Race and Justice [read more]

11:06 EDT

[JURIST] A Sudanese court on Wednesday convicted five men of the January 2008 murder of two US Agency for International Development (USAID) [official website] employees, sentencing four to death. Mohamed Makkawi Ibrahim Mohamed and Abdel Basit al-Hajj Hassan were found guilty of firing shots that killed USAID workers John Granville [read more]

11:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Thursday ruled [opinion, PDF] 5-4 in Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that a forensic analyst's laboratory report is testimonial evidence under the Confrontation Clause [Cornell LII backgrounder] of the Sixth Amendment, giving criminal defendants a right [read more]

10:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Thursday ruled [opinion, PDF] in Safford United School District #1 v. Redding [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that a strip search of a school student violated her Fourth Amendment rights but that school officials who conducted the search are [read more]

10:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Thursday ruled [opinion, PDF] 5-4 in Atlantic Sounding v. Townsend [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] that an injured seaman may recover punitive damages for the willful failure of his employer to pay a basic living allowance, wages that he [read more]

10:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Thursday ruled [opinion, PDF] 5-4 in Horne v. Flores [Cornell LII backgrounder; JURIST report] and Speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives v. Flores that the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit erred in declining to modify [read more]

08:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit [official website] upheld [opinion, PDF] a Virginia law [Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-71.1] Wednesday that bans "partial birth" abortions [JURIST news archive], reversing previous rulings that found it unconstitutional. The appeals court initially affirmed [opinion, PDF; JURIST report] the district [read more]

08:06 EDT

[JURIST] The US Department of Justice (DOJ) [official website] announced indictments [press release] Wednesday against 53 health care providers and beneficiaries accused of submitting $50 million in fraudulent Medicare [official website] claims. The indictments, returned by a grand jury in Detroit, led to the arrest of suspects in Detroit, Miami, [read more]

08:06 EDT

[JURIST] Shackling techniques used by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and the Shin Bet Security Agency (GSS) [official websites] against Palestinian detainees are unjustifiably harsh and constitute torture, according to a report [text, PDF; executive summary, DOC] issued Wednesday by advocacy group Public Committee Against Torture in Israel [advocacy website]. The [read more]

06:06 EDT

[JURIST] Chinese authorities have charged prominent rights activist Liu Xiaobo with "inciting subversion of state power" [PRC Criminal Law article 105, PDF] according to a Wednesday report [text, in Chinese] by the state-run Xinhua news agency. Liu, who spent two years in prison following the Tiananmen Square [BBC backgrounder] uprising, [read more]

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