Legal news from Thursday, March 20, 2003
21:03 EDT

[JURIST] The British Overseas Agencies Group - representing Save the Children UK, Oxfam, Christian Aid and other UK-based humanitarian agencies - released a statement Thursday calling for immediate action, in accordance with international humanitarian law, to avert critical food shortages in Iraq: The Geneva Conventions stipulate that the UK government [read more]

21:03 EDT

[JURIST] President Bush Thursday issued an Executive Order freezing non-diplomatic Iraqi government assets in the United States: I, George W. Bush, President of the United States of America, hereby determine that the United States and Iraq are engaged in armed hostilities, that it is in the interest of the United [read more]

20:03 EDT

[JURIST] A split panel of the US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals [official website] ruled Thursday that the section of the federal statute that prohibits the possession of child pornography made with materials that have traveled in interstate commerce, 18 U.S.C. s.2252(a)(4)(B), is an unconstitutional exercise of Congress’s power under [read more]

20:03 EDT

[JURIST] The House of Representatives [official website] Thursday passed a resolution condemning two US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rulings - the latest noted in JURIST's Paper Chase on February 28 - directly or indirectly impugning the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance with the words "under God" included. The [read more]

17:03 EDT

[JURIST] In an interview Thursday with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Duke law professor Scott Silliman discussed the legality of personally targeting Iraqi President Saddam Hussein , as American forces did at the opening of the war in Iraq. [read more]

16:03 EDT

[JURIST] In a statement Thursday, FBI Director Robert Mueller outlined measures the agency was taking as part of Operation Liberty Shield to protect Americans from terrorism during the war with Iraq: Over the past 18 months, the FBI has restructured from top-to-bottom to strengthen its ability to predict and prevent [read more]

15:03 EDT

[JURIST] With the launch of the ground campaign in Iraq, the US Army has deployed a new website for what is being dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom. [read more]

13:03 EDT

[JURIST] In a press briefing Thursday Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld warned Iraqi personnel that they would be prosecuted for war crimes if they committed various destructive acts:If Saddam Hussein or his generals issue orders to use weapons of mass destruction, whether on coalition forces, Free Iraqi Forces, neighboring countries [read more]

12:03 EDT

[JURIST] US-led forces launched a sustained ground assault in southern Iraq soon after 1700 GMT. Watch live video on BBC News. [read more]

11:03 EDT

[JURIST] In advance of a planned TV address Thursday to the British people [BBC report] by Prime Minister Tony Blair, the British government has published its military campaign objectives for Iraq, which begin with the following legal analysis: In UNSCR 1441, the Security Council decided that Iraq was in material [read more]

11:03 EDT

[JURIST] Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin issued a statement Thursday on the start of the war in Iraq: Let me stress from the beginning that military actions are taking place contrary to the world public opinion, contrary to the principles and norms of international law and the Charter of the [read more]

11:03 EDT

[JURIST] After winning an Iraq war, the US might gain the trust of Iraqis and the world at large by obeying the international law of occupation. So says Suzanne Nossel, a former senior adviser to Richard C. Holbrooke, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, writing in the next issue of [read more]

10:03 EDT

[JURIST] Addressing a press conference in Geneva Thursday morning, International Committee of the Red Cross [official website] President Jakob Kellenberger appealed to the belligerents in Iraq to respect international humanitarian law and to protect the civilian population. Listen to his speech , now online from the ICRC. [read more]

10:03 EDT

[JURIST] Has conservative US Supreme Court Antonin Scalia declared affirmative action constitutional [Balkinization post]? Yale Law's Jack Balkin [Balkinization blog] thinks so.... Also on Scalia, Eugene Volokh of UCLA Law School says that the Justice's request to exclude broadcast media from a Wednesday appearance in Cleveland at which he was [read more]

09:03 EDT

[JURIST] UN Secretary General Kofi Annan made a statement Thursday on the war in Iraq. Watch recorded video from the UN. The Secretary General said: Perhaps if we had persevered a little longer, Iraq could yet have been disarmed peacefully, or - if not - the world could have taken [read more]

09:03 EDT

[JURIST] George Washington University Law School [official website] has announced that US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor will be its 2003 Commencement speaker.... Anti-death penalty activists - including David Kaczynski, brother of "Unabomber" Ted Kaczynski - spoke recently at Cornell Law School [official website] on the theme Justice Overcoming [read more]

09:03 EDT

[JURIST] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Sergio Vieira de Mello issued a statement on the war in Iraq Thursday. He said: At this moment, I must recall the international obligations of the Parties to adhere strictly to the fundamental human rights of all. These rights must remain our guide [read more]

08:03 EDT

[JURIST] Thursday's apparent (and apparently-failed) attempt by US forces to hit a number of senior Iraqi leaders - including President Saddam Hussein - as a "target of opportunity" raises the question as to whether individual enemy leaders are legally-legitimate targets in wartime. The short answer seems to be "yes": Both [read more]

08:03 EDT

[JURIST] The White House has issued a 7-page report outlining US authority to use military force against Iraq. The report was released Wednesday in connection with the President's transmittal to Congress [JURIST report] of legal determinations required under the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces. [read more]

08:03 EDT

[JURIST] In a statement released Thursday, the Geneva-based International Commission of Jurists said that now that war in Iraq has broken out, it must be conducted lawfully: Now that the military attack has begun in earnest, it is imperative that States take care not to compound one unlawful action with [read more]

07:03 EDT

[JURIST] In the wake of the breakout of hostilities in Iraq, the International Committee of the Red Cross Thursday called on all warring parties to abide strictly by the rules and principles of international humanitarian law: The ICRC reminds all States party to the Geneva Conventions of their obligation not [read more]

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