November 2, 2014
by Sarah Steers
Changing international relations at the end of the 20th century, as well as concern for how various countries would handle sensitive environmental issues, led to the UN Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Rio Conference. Held in June 1992, the conference produced the first ...[read more]
October 18, 2014
by Sarah Steers
All but one of the US presidents, beginning with George Washington, have issued orders which can be equated with the modern-day executive order. The sole exception was William Henry Harrison, who died in office after having heldthe presidency for less than a month. Before 20th century, executi... ...[read more]
August 31, 2014
by Sarah Steers
Cuban nationalists began pressing for independence from Spain in the mid-nineteenth century. Cuban guerrilla fighters initiated frequent skirmishes with the Spanish military between 1868 and 1878. Revolutionary activities picked up in the 1890s and Spain imposed martial law in 1896. International ...[read more]
July 17, 2014
by Sarah Steers
Open carry laws restrict a person's ability to visibly wear or carry a gun in public. Both open and concealed carry laws vary considerably from state to state. Some state open carry laws differentiate between handguns and long guns, such as rifles and shotguns. Seven states, including California ...[read more]
June 17, 2014
by Sarah Steers
Eighteen US states have abolished the death penalty. Three states- Maine, Michigan and Wisconsin- have completely banned the death penalty since the mid-nineteenth century. Fifteen states abolished the death penalty at various points throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The ...[read more]
June 5, 2014
by Sarah Steers
American history, and the development of American cultural identities, cannot adequately be explained without a thorough discussion of racial discrimination. The following is an overview some notorious, and notable, events. The Naturalization Act of 1798 required that applicants for US ...[read more]
December 17, 2013
by Sarah Steers
A report published by the Congressional Research Service in December 2012 acknowledged the difficulty of accurately assessing right-to-work laws and the economic outcomes of individual states. The report reviewed studies that focused on the effects of right-to-work laws on job growth and wages, ...[read more]
November 29, 2013
by Sarah Steers
The ICTY delivered its first indictment ever against Dragan Nikolic, the director of the Serb-run Susica Detention Camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in November 1994. He was accused of committing crimes against non-Serbs, including sexual violence and torture. After he pleaded guilty in September ...[read more]
October 17, 2013
by Sarah Steers
The House of Representatives consists of 435 members who represent proportional electoral districts of about 700,000 constituents each. Most state legislatures set those district boundaries. Notably, redistricting does not affect US Senate elections, which are statewide. Partisan state ...[read more]
October 4, 2013
by Sarah Steers
At the height of the Great Depression, US President Franklin Roosevelt requested legislation to aid Americans in times of economic need. On August 14, 1935, Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law. The original Act provided benefits to workers upon retirement at age 65, and based the ...[read more]

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