GRATZ v. BOLLINGER & GRUTTER v. BOLLINGER
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION ADMISSIONS CASES

A JURIST ONLINE SYMPOSIUM
Learning from Living: The University of Michigan Affirmative Action Cases
Professor Derrick Bell
New York University School of Law

Derrick Bell is the author of numerous works on law and race, including And We Are Not Saved: The Elusive Quest for Racial Justice (Basic Books, 1992).

Reflections on Grutter
Professor Peter Schuck
Yale Law School

Peter Schuck is the Simeon E. Baldwin Professor of Law at Yale Law School and author of Diversity in America: Keeping Government at a Safe Distance (Harvard University Press, 2003).

Looking Ahead: The Future of Affirmative Action After Grutter and Gratz
Professor Susan Low Bloch
Georgetown University Law Center

Susan Low Bloch is a frequent commentator on affirmative action and the US Supreme Court, and is the co-author of Supreme Court Politics: The Institution and Its Procedures (West, 1994).

Some Observations About Grutter
Dennis Shields
Associate Dean for Admissions & Financial Aid
Duke University School of Law

Dennis Shields served as Assistant Dean for Admissions at the University of Michigan Law School from 1991 through 1997 and was a named defendant in Grutter v. Bollinger.

Uncertain Direction: The Legacy of Gratz and Grutter
Michael Rosman
Center for Individual Rights

Michael Rosman is General Counsel for the Center for Individual Rights, the organization that launched the race-based admissions cases.


Representing the Student Intervenors in Grutter
Miranda Massie
Scheff & Washington, P.C.

Miranda Massie is a civil rights attorney and was lead counsel for the student intervenors in Grutter v. Bollinger.


Jam Tomorrow and Jam Yesterday: Reflections on Grutter, Gratz and the Future of Affirmative Action
Professor Paula Johnson
Syracuse University College of Law

Paula Johnson is co-President of the Society of American Law Teachers (SALT), which filed an amicus brief in Grutter v. Bollinger.

The Conservative Victory in Grutter and Gratz
Richard Kahlenberg
The Century Foundation

Richard Kahlenberg is Senior Fellow at The Century Foundation in Washington, DC and author of The Remedy: Class, Race, and Affirmative Action (Basic Books, 1997).

Growing Beyond Grutter
Professor Deborah Jones Merritt
Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law
Professor Barbara Reskin
University of Washington, Department of Sociology
Bill Lan Lee
Lieff, Cabraser, Heimann and Bernstein, LLP

Deborah Jones Merritt is Director of the The John Glenn Institute for Public Service and Public Policy and is the John Deaver Drinko/Baker & Hostetler Chair in Law at Ohio State University's Moritz College of Law. Barbara Reskin is a Past President of the American Sociological Association and the S. Frank Miyamoto Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington. Bill Lann Lee is a former Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights and a partner at Lieff, Cabraser, Heimann and Bernstein, LLP. Together, they wrote an amicus brief for the American Sociological Association in Grutter.

Affirmative Action: Lessons from the Military
Dean Lauren Robel
Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington

Lauren Robel is Dean and Van Nolan Professor of Law at the Indiana University School of Law, Bloomington, and is co-author (with Elisabeth Zoller) of Les états des Noirs: Fédéralisme et question raciale aux États-Unis (Black States: Federalism and the Race Question in the United States), a new book analyzing affirmative action in the context of American legal and political structures for a French readership.

Michigan's Minority Point System "Compensated" Minority Students for Inferior Public Education
Professor Leonard Baynes
St. John's University School of Law

Leonard Baynes teaches Race and the Law at St. John's University School of Law and is the author of a variety of articles on law and racism.

Affirmative Action as "Reverse Discrimination" Misses the Point
Professor Marjorie Cohn
Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Marjorie Cohn is Executive Vice-President of the National Lawyers Guild and author of "Affirmative Action and the Equality Principle in Human Rights Treaties," 43 Va. J. Int. Law 249 (2002).

EDITOR'S NOTE
Following the US Supreme Court's June 2003 rulings in the University of Michigan affirmative action admissions cases Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger, JURIST invited a panel of 12 experts - including leading academic authorities on race and the Constitution, attorneys who had argued the cases on different sides, the former Dean of Admissions for the University of Michigan Law School who helped develop and implement the policy under attack in Grutter, and a senior fellow at a conservative think-tank - to write short essays on the decisions and their implications. We publish those essays here in the first comprehensive collection of perspectives to appear online or in print since the decisions were handed down. We hope they contribute to the ongoing debate on affirmative action and its place in higher education.

Bernard Hibbitts
Director, JURIST
Professor of Law University of Pittsburgh

September 5, 2003