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The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment bars the US government from making any law regarding the establishment of religion. Traditionally, the Establishment Clause has been seen as forbidding the government from establishing a national religion as well as prohibiting any preferential treatment of one religion over another. The government is not, however, entirely prohibited from taking action on religious matters, and the extent to which government involvement is permissible has given rise to significant litigation. Questions of the Establishment Clause's breadth often arise from cases involving religious monuments on public land and government support for religious education. The Supreme Court heard oral arguments concerning the constitutionality of legislative prayer in Town of Greece v. Galloway in November 2013 and a ruling is expected by June 2014.

Timeline

11/06/2013: Supreme Court heard oral arguments on legislative prayer.

07/03/2012: Federal judge upheld South Carolina program awarding credit for off-campus religious courses.

01/17/2012: Supreme Court declined to rule on board meeting prayers in North Carolina.

01/11/2012: Supreme Court upheld ADA ministerial exception.

07/15/2011: Federal judge ordered Florida courthouse to remove Ten Commandments monument.

05/07/2012: Federal appeals court rejected bid to remove "God" from presidential oath.

10/15/2010: Federal appeals court upheld Illinois school moment of silence law.

04/28/2010: Supreme Court ruled on religious display on Mojave National Preserve.

04/15/2010: Federal judge ruled National Day of Prayer unconstitutional.

03/11/2010: Ninth Circuit upheld Pledge of Allegiance in public schools.

11/10/2009: Federal judge ruled Christian-themed license plates unconstitutional.

06/13/2006: Federal judge dismissed suit challenging inclusion of "In God We Trust" on US currency.

12/20/2005: Federal judge ruled against "intelligent design" being taught in public schools.

 ...[more]

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