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7 Feb 2015
by Allison Hall

In the wake of Windsor, there has been a series of challenges to various states' statutory and constitutional bans on same-sex marriage. When Windsor was decided, same-sex marriage had been legalized in only 12 states and the District of Columbia. Many of these states had passed legislation legalizing same-sex marriage, … [read more]

Legal News
27 Sep 2014
by Ann Schober

[JURIST] The president of Spain's Catalonia region [official website, in English] signed a decree [AP report] today calling for a referendum on secession and independence from Spain [official website, in English], inciting confrontation from Spain's central government in Madrid [official website, in Spanish]. In a statement [statement, in Catalan and … [read more]

Legal News
16 Sep 2014
by Ann Schober

[JURIST] Ukraine's parliament [official website] on Tuesday ratified [press release] an association agreement [text] between Ukraine [BBC backgrounder] and the EU, furthering its goal of reforming the country according to European standards and values. The agreement, "On Ratification of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one part, and the … [read more]

Student Commentary
25 May 2014
by Jason Samuel of The Pennsylvania State University Dickinson School of Law
edited by Elizabeth Hand

JURIST Guest Columnist Jason Samuel, Penn State Dickinson School of Law Class of 2014, explores the constitutional framework surrounding the annexation of Crimea by Russia...When the Alma-Ata Declaration was signed on December 21, 1991, 10 nations separated from the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union) and became independent … [read more]

Legal News
12 May 2014
by Nicholas Tomsho

[JURIST] The office of Russian President Vladimir Putin [official website] has declared that it does not wish to annex eastern Ukraine where "self-rule" referendums have overwhelmingly supported secession, but called on the Kiev government to open dialogue with the separatists. The referendums, organized by pro-Russian insurgents in Ukraine's Russian-speaking eastern … [read more]

Legal News
14 Mar 2014
by Peter Snyder

[JURIST] The European Parliament [official website] passed a resolution [press release, PDF] on Thursday condemning Russia's actions in Crimea and calling for the immediate withdraw of all Russian military forces from Ukrainian territory. The resolution [texts adopted] states that Russia is in breach of international law and existing conventional obligations, … [read more]

Legal News
2 Aug 2013
by G. Redd

[JURIST] Illinois Governor Pat Quinn [official website] on Thursday signed [press release] House Bill 1 [text] into law, making Illinois the twenty-first state to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes. The Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Act is one of the strictest laws to do so, requiring users of the drug … [read more]

20 Jul 2013
by Zachariah Rivenbark

Affirmative action has an extensive legislative history with origins dating back to early debates concerning the application of the Fourteenth Amendment. The first governmental reference to affirmative action in the US was Executive Order 10925, issued by US President John F. Kennedy in March 1961. The order established the President's … [read more]

Student Commentary
1 Feb 2013

JURIST Guest Columnist Oksana Siruk, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, discusses the procedural violations and controversy behind the Ukrainian National Referendum Law...On November 6, 2012, the Ukrainian Parliament adopted [Ukrainian] new legislation regulating national referendums. Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych approved the law on November 27, 2012. This controversial decision has … [read more]

Student Commentary
16 Jan 2013

JURIST Guest Columnist Maksym Popovych, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, discusses the Ukrainian National Referendum Law and decries it as a potentially unconstitutional law that threatens the democratic principle of checks and balances...Public attention has been growing related to the Ukrainian National Referendum Law, beginning when Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych … [read more]

Legal News
27 Nov 2012
by Sarah Paulsworth

[JURIST] Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych [official website] on Tuesday signed [press release, in Ukrainian] a law [parliamentary backgrounder] on conducting national referendums. Pursuant to the law, referendums can be used to approve altering the wording of the constitution, to amend the constitution and to repeal a law amending the constitution. … [read more]

Legal News
31 Jul 2012
by Dan Taglioli

[JURIST] A judge for the US District Court for the District of Colorado [official website] on Monday ruled that a challenge to the Colorado Taxpayer's Bill of Rights (TABOR) can proceed. The lawsuit argues that TABOR is unconstitutional [Denver Post report] because it limits state spending and bars lawmakers from … [read more]

Academic Commentary
26 Jun 2012

JURIST Guest Columnist Lynne Marie Kohm of Regent University School of Law says that the November 2012 elections will involve historic referendums in several states on legislation related to same-sex marriage...The legislative and democratic events surrounding marriage have been anything but uneventful over the past year, and promise to be … [read more]

Legal News
21 Jun 2012
by Rebecca DiLeonardo

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled 6-2 [opinion, PDF] Thursday that unions cannot increase mandatory fees of nonmembers for political expenditures without providing adequate notice and opportunity to object. In Knox v. Service Employees Int'l Union [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] a group of nonunion, public employees in California sued their … [read more]

Academic Commentary
30 Jan 2012

JURIST Guest Columnist Anne Twomey of the University of Sydney Law School says that there are considerable challenges to passing the proposed changes to the Australian Constitution, in large part because they raise the question of how much control over the legislative process ought to be granted to Australia's High … [read more]

Legal News
23 Jan 2012
by Sarah Posner

[JURIST] Croatian citizens voted in favor [press release, PDF] of joining the EU on Sunday, despite poor turnout for the referendum. With nearly all of the ballots counted [AP report], 66 percent voted in favor of Croatia's membership in the EU with 33 percent voting against. The remaining 1 percent … [read more]

Legal News
22 Dec 2011
by Jaclyn Belczyk

[JURIST] Puerto Rican lawmakers on Wednesday approved legislation to hold a referendum on the island's status with the US. The House of Representatives [official website, in Spanish] passed the measure by a vote of 31-13 [press release, in Spanish], and a plebiscite will be held on November 6, 2012, coinciding … [read more]

Legal News
23 Nov 2010
by Maureen Cosgrove

[JURIST] The Israeli Knesset [official website] approved legislation Monday that would require referendums on peace treaties involving ceding land that the country has annexed. In a 65-33 vote, the legislature decided that a referendum would be required [AP report] for any agreement involving the surrender of annexed land that fails … [read more]

Legal News
3 Nov 2010
by Dwyer Arce

[JURIST] The voters of Arizona, Oklahoma and Colorado on Tuesday voted on state constitutional amendments seeking to make the individual mandate provision of the recent health care reform law [HR 3590 materials; JURIST news archive] unenforceable in their states. In Arizona, Proposition 106 [text] passed 55.4 percent to 44.6 percent … [read more]

Legal News
2 Nov 2010
by Maureen Cosgrove

[JURIST] The Uruguayan Supreme Court [official website, in Spanish] ruled Monday that amnesty granted for crimes committed by the country's 12-year dictatorship is unconstitutional. The Expiry Law [text, in Spanish], adopted in 1986, granted amnesty to military officials accused of human rights violations during the country's 1973-1985 dictatorship [Country Studies … [read more]

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