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Legal News
28 May 2015
by Emelina Perez

[JURIST] Madagascar's Parliament voted on Tuesday to remove President Hery Rajaonarimampianina [BBC profile] from office for failing to deliver on promises. The parliament also alleged [BBC report] Rajaonarimampianina has violated the constitution, lacks respect for the government, and that he did not rule out the possibility of dissolving parliament. Rajaonarimampianina … [read more]

Legal News
14 Oct 2014
by Dominic Yobbi

[JURIST] Former president of Madagascar Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile] was arrested on Monday when he returned to the country after five years of living in exile in South Africa. Tear gas was fired and security forces were seen outside his house before he was detained, a BBC reporter stated [BBC … [read more]

Legal News
17 Jan 2014
by Matthew Pomy

[JURIST] Madagascar's electoral court ruled on Friday that ex-finance minister Hery Rajaonarimampianina was properly elected president despite allegations that the election was rigged. The court ruled [Reuters report] that Rajaonarimampianina won 53.5 percent of the vote while his opponent Jean Louis Robinson, former health minister, won 46.5 percent. Controversy has … [read more]

Professional Commentary
11 Sep 2013

JURIST Guest Columnist Drew F. Cohen, a clerk for the Constitutional Court of South Africa, discusses the consequences of the Southern African Development Community endorsing Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe's re-election...Despite requests from Botswana to open an investigation into voter fraud, southern African leaders closed ranks several weeks ago at a … [read more]

Legal News
18 Aug 2013
by Blake Lynch

[JURIST] The special electoral court of Madagascar [JURIST news archive] on Saturday announced that it has removed President Andry Rajoelina [BBC profile], former president Didier Ratsiraka [campaign website, in French] and Lalao Ravalomanana [campaign website, in French], the wife of former president Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile], from the country's list … [read more]

Legal News
13 Dec 2012
by Dan Taglioli

[JURIST] The UN Security Council [official website] on Wednesday unanimously adopted a resolution [Resolution 2080 (2012), text] to extend the term of office of five judges of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) [official website]. Justices Mehmet Guney of Turkey, Khalida Rachid Khan of Pakistan, Arlette Ramaroson of Madagascar, … [read more]

Legal News
7 Aug 2012
by Rebecca DiLeonardo

[JURIST] South African prosecutors told reporters on Monday that they are investigating the former president of Madagascar for possible crimes against humanity. A spokesperson for the office of the prosecutor said that recent information [AFP report] about former president Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile] had led their office to believe an … [read more]

Legal News
29 Jun 2012
by Sung Un Kim

[JURIST] The UN Security Council [official website] on Friday extended [press release] the terms of four judges of the UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) [official website]. Judge William Sekule of the United Republic of Tanzania, Judge Solomy Balungi Bossa of Uganda and Judge Mparany Mamy Richard Rajohnson [official … [read more]

Legal News
15 Apr 2012
by Matthew Pomy

[JURIST] Madagascar passed a law granting amnesty [AFP report] to those who committed crimes during the political unrest in the country over the last three years, but excluded human rights violations for which former president Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile] has been convicted and sentenced to death, officials said Saturday. This … [read more]

Legal News
20 Mar 2012
by Andrea Bottorff

[JURIST] A Madagascar court on Monday began the trial of a former International Court of Justice (ICJ) [official website] judge accused of planning an attempted coup in the country. Raymond Ranjeva, who served as an ICJ judge from 1991 to 2009, and his daughter, Riana Ratsisalovanina, appeared in court on … [read more]

Professional Commentary
9 Mar 2012

JURIST Guest Columnist Stephen Ellis, a historian at the African Studies Centre, says that the recent influx of refugees from Libya has exacerbated the problem of organized crime in West Africa and has caused emerging complications that are generating increased attention from the international community...The call for greater efforts to … [read more]

Legal News
1 Dec 2011
by Dan Taglioli

[JURIST] Transparency International (TI) [advocacy website] Thursday released its 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) [report, PDF; press release], again showing some governments failing to protect citizens from corruption, be it abuse of public resources, bribery or secretive decision-making. The CPI scores 183 countries and territories from 0 (highly corrupt) to … [read more]

Academic Commentary
4 Aug 2011

JURIST Special Guest Columnist James Nyawo, a Ph.D. candidate at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, says that the African Union must emulate the EU and begin to confront human rights abuses, not only to prevent the organization from losing relevancy, but also to ensure that those who have committed … [read more]

Legal News
22 Nov 2010
by Carrie Schimizzi

[JURIST] Voters in Madagascar have approved a new constitution that will lower the minimum age requirement for presidential candidates, according to provisional results released Monday by the country's electoral commission. According to preliminary results, nearly 74 percent of voters approved the constitution [Reuters report], which will keep President Andry Rajoelina … [read more]

Legal News
18 Nov 2010
by Andrea Bottorff

[JURIST] Government officials in Madagascar [JURIST news archive] spoke Thursday with military officers who attempted a coup on Wednesday during the country's constitutional referendum. General Noel Rakotonandrasana allegedly led a group of about 20 soldiers into the capital city and tried to take control [NYT report] of government institutions and … [read more]

Legal News
26 Oct 2010
by Eryn Correa

[JURIST] Somalia was once again ranked the most corrupt country by Transparency International (TI) [advocacy website] in its 2010 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) [text, PDF; press release] released Tuesday. The CPI measures the abuse of entrusted power for private gain in both the public and private spheres. Countries are ranked … [read more]

Legal News
28 Aug 2010
by Jaclyn Belczyk

[JURIST] A court in Madagascar [JURIST news archive] on Saturday sentenced former president Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile] to life in prison with hard labor for ordering the killing of opposition protesters in February 2009. Ravalomanana, who has been living in South Africa since his ouster in March of last year, … [read more]

Legal News
2 Aug 2010
by Megan McKee

[JURIST] Zanzibar election officials announced Sunday that voters have approved a constitutional amendment creating a coalition government. The amendment, approved by 66.4 percent of voters [AFP report], will create two vice-presidential seats in the hopes of reliving political tensions between Zanzibar's rival parties ahead of the October 31 general elections. … [read more]

Professional Commentary
1 Mar 2010

Claire Kaplun [Public Information Officer, UN Human Rights Council]: "The Universal Periodic Review of the Human Rights Council is an innovative mechanism under which each of the United Nations 192 Member States is periodically (once every four years) reviewed. At this occasion, the fulfillment of the concerned country's obligations and … [read more]

Legal News
9 Nov 2009
by Jonathan Cohen

[JURIST] The current and former leaders of Madagascar reached a transitional power-sharing agreement on Saturday. According to the agreement, President Andry Rajoelina [official profile, in French] will now share power with representatives of the parties of ousted president Marc Ravalomanana [BBC profile] and former president Albert Zafy. The agreement came … [read more]

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