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Legal News
13 Jan 2012
by Matthew Pomy

[JURIST] The Warsaw Provincial Court handed down a two-year suspended sentence to former interior minister Gen. Czeslaw Kiszczak Thursday. The court found Kiszczak guilty in absentia in relation to the implementation of martial law [Polish government backgrounder] in 1981. Martial law was declared on December 13, 1981, by Gen. Wojciech … [read more]


Legal News
17 Mar 2011
by Daniel Makosky

[JURIST] Poland's Constitutional Tribunal [official website] on Wednesday ruled that the 1981 declaration of martial law [Polish government backgrounder] violated the country's then-governing constitution [text]. The decision facilitates the restitution process [Dziennik Gazeta report, in Polish] for those harmed while martial law remained in effect by eliminating the need for … [read more]


Legal News
2 Oct 2008
by Kiely Lewandowski

[JURIST] Former Polish leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski [personal website; CNN profile; JURIST news archive] testified Thursday at the resumption of his trial that he had no choice but to impose martial law [Polish government backgrounder] on Poland in 1981. Jaruzelski, who is charged with "organizing crimes of a military nature," … [read more]


Legal News
13 Sep 2008
by Joe Shaulis

[JURIST] The trial of former Polish leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski [personal website; CNN profile; JURIST news archive] and seven other Communist-era officials charged in connection with the 1981 declaration of martial law [Polish government backgrounder; MP3 audio] resumed Friday in Warsaw. A 500-page indictment accuses Jaruzelski of "organizing crimes of … [read more]


Legal News
1 Jul 2008
by Andrew Gilmore

[JURIST] A Polish appeals court has ruled that the trial of former communist military leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski [official website] can proceed, overturning a lower court decision that halted the trial [JURIST report] while prosecutors gathered more evidence against other communist officials. Jaruzelski was charged in March 2006 [JURIST report] … [read more]


Legal News
25 Jun 2008
by Deirdre Jurand

[JURIST] A Polish appellate court Tuesday overturned the conviction of one riot police officer found guilty for the shooting deaths of nine coal miners during a 1981 protest, but affirmed the convictions of 14 other officers convicted in relation to the same incident. The coal miners were protesting the imposition … [read more]


Legal News
14 May 2008
by Andrew Gilmore

[JURIST] A Polish judge ruled on Wednesday that prosecutors must amend their indictment against former communist leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] and other former communist officials to present a greater range of evidence against the defendants. Jaruzelski was charged [JURIST report] in March 2006 with "organizing … [read more]


Legal News
1 Jun 2007
by Michael Sung

[JURIST] A Polish court Thursday sentenced 15 riot police officers involved in the 1981 shooting deaths of nine coal miners, handing down sentences ranging from eleven years to at least two and half years in prison. The coal miners were protesting a martial law [Polish government backgrounder; JURIST report] crackdown … [read more]


Legal News
17 Apr 2007
by Lisl Brunner

[JURIST] The Polish National Remembrance Institute [official website] ruled Tuesday that former Polish President Wojciech Jaruzelski [official website, in Polish; BBC profile] and eight former officials can be charged with "Communist crimes" for imposing martial law [Polish government backgrounder] in Poland in 1981. Jaruzelski, now 83, already faces charges [JURIST … [read more]


Legal News
31 Mar 2006
by Nishat Hasan

[JURIST] Polish prosecutors on Friday charged General Wojciech Jaruzelski [BBC profile] with "organizing crimes of a military nature" and "carrying out crimes that consisted of the deprivation of freedom through internment" for his imposition of martial law [Polish government backgrounder] in Poland on December 13, 1981. The charges, which prosecutors … [read more]


Legal News
13 Dec 2005
by Bernard Hibbitts

[JURIST] Polish prosecutors said Tuesday that they are preparing charges against General Wojciech Jaruzelski [BBC profile], the last Communist leader of Poland, in connection with his December 13, 1981 declaration of martial law [Polish government backgrounder] in the country. Prosecutors associated with the National Institute of Remembrance [official website] argue … [read more]

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