On December 22, 1807, the Embargo Act was passed at
the urging of President Thomas Jefferson. The Act barred trade with
any foreign nations in an effort to avoid American entry into the
Napoleonic Wars of Europe. However, the Act proved unenforceable and
was replaced with the Non-Intercourse Act, which barred trade with
France and Great Britain.Learn
more about the Embargo Act of 1807 from
On December 22, 1894, Jewish French army officer
Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason in a court-martial trial
that prompted worldwide allegations of anti-Semitism. Dreyfus was later cleared. Learn more about the
of Alfred Dreyfus and read an English
translation of the famous public letter J'Accuse...!
by novelist and Dreyfus partisan Emile Zola.